It is an autoimmune disease causing chronic inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues. If untreated, it also affects, heart, skin, blood vessels, lungs and muscles.
Signs and symptoms
Younger females are more prone to the disease
- Pain is from mild to severe form and there is usually a symmetric joint swelling.
- Stiffness of affected joints is very prominent in the morning, lasts for over 30 minutes.
- Subcutaneous nodules, splenomegaly and lymph node enlargement and low grade fever are rare symptoms.
- Deformity may be formed after months or years if untreated.
The diagnosis is confirmed if patient meets at least 4 criteria out of the following.
- Morning stiffness of >30 minutes.
- Arthritis and soft-tissue swelling of >3 joint groups
- Arthritis of hand and finger joints
- Symmetric arthritis
- Subcutaneous nodules in specific places
- Rheumatoid factor at a level above the 95th percentile
- Radiological changes suggestive of joint erosion
Along with homoeopathic remedies physical and occupational therapies like warm water therapy, wax bath, posture training, traction, ice application, electrical stimulation, ultrasound and gait training can help to reduce the pain and inflammation. Appropriate joint rest is essential in order to reduce deformities.
Regular exercises can strengthen the involved muscles and connective tissue, increase their flexibility, increase bone density, improve range of motion and add to a person’s overall sense of well-being. Various available splints suitable for the location of the affection can help to prevent contracture and provide rest to the joint and reduce pain.
- Topi MP
- BC 19
Disclaimer: The information provided herein on request should not be taken as a replacement of medical advice or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.