Pyorrhoea and its Management with Homeopathy
Definition: Pyorrhoea is an old term which in today’s medical parlance roughly translates to periodontitis. The term refers to a chronic infection of the gums and the bones supporting the teeth. It is the inflammation of the periodontium, which is the system of tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Bacteria multiply in the gaps between teeth and gums and the body undergoes inflammation as a consequence. Unchecked periodontitis spreads to the bones supporting the teeth. The teeth become lose and detach from the bone with recession of the gums. Pus discharge from the teeth becomes common and if left untreated the infection gradually spreads to cause systemic disturbances.
Causes: Multiple causes can lead to pyorrhoea or gum disease, the major however is poor oral hygiene. Accumulation of food particles in the teeth and especially behind the last molar causes putrefaction of these substances over time and bacteria find it a suitable medium to grow on. Erratic brushing, improper use of floss or toothpicks, irritation of mouth tissue can all lead to periodontitis. Intake of tobacco products is also conducive to poor oral health. Plaque formation on the teeth contributes to periodontitis. It is generally cleared on brushing but forms quickly if teeth are not brushed. Smoking is another contributory factor of gum disease. Excess intake of sugar, red meat, white bread, etc. can be responsible as well. Certain systemic conditions may make a person more susceptible to tooth and gum disease. Diabetic patients have higher chances of suffering from periodontitis. In diabetics, infection tends to be non-healing and takes a long time to clear off. This is why diabetics are advised to strictly maintain good oral hygiene. Hormonal factors may also be responsible, and so can be pregnancy. Blood diseases also lead to significantly unhealthy oral condition.
Signs and Symptoms: Quite often the disease has progressed significantly before one reaches the dentist. The earliest sign is usually bleeding of gums when brushed. Gradually they recede from the teeth, making the teeth look longer. Teeth might loosen and become infected. Inflammation of the gums occurs, and a general bad breath is noticeable. The taste in mouth also becomes perpetually bad. Discharge of pus may occur with or without bleeding. Ulcers may develop in the mouth. All these processes lead to pain in the gums or teeth which may be severe in night or while chewing. Bone erosion occurs in later stages. When the infection has spread significantly fever may occur with general malaise and ill-health.
Complications of pyorrhoea: Unchecked gum disease is not merely a risk to oral health, but it has systemic complications as well. Risk factor for heart disease and stroke is comparatively higher in people with chronic periodontitis. It is difficult to control diabetes (both type 1 and 2) in people who suffer from persistent gum disease. Respiratory conditions, digestive troubles, complicated pregnancies and pancreatic disturbance are all eventual complications of chronic gum and teeth infection.
How can you avoid developing pyorrhoea? Some habits should be developed for life so as to maintain good oral hygiene and avoid a host of complications. Plaque forms on the teeth quickly and missing even one day of brushing is detrimental to oral health. One must religiously brush their teeth twice a day. Gargling twice a day is also beneficial. One must clean the mouth after every meal to minimize the chances of residual food particles. Flossing is a good habit and must be encouraged. The toothbrush must be regularly replaced, ideally every three months. Also, one must routinely visit the dentist (every six months) for regular check-ups. Smoking and tobacco intake must be thoroughly avoided, and alcohol intake kept to a minimum.
Home remedies: Some items that can be easily found in the household help in maintaining good oral health and avoiding gum disease. Onions are known to have a remarkably good effect on infected gums. Generally, a slice of the onion is placed near the gum of the infected tooth for a few minutes. One must take care not to spit or swallow the saliva. This is repeated few times a day. Spinach juice mixed with carrot juice is highly nutritious and beneficial to the gums and teeth and also to the body in general. Similarly, grape juice also has positive effects on gums and teeth. It has antiseptic properties and helps in tackling infections. Banana is also a useful food in case of gum disease. Another remedy is to rub a little mustard oil on the gums. It is rich in vitamins and antioxidants. You may also mix it with a little salt and then rinse out.
Homeopathic Management: Unfortunately, in today’s times periodontitis is not merely a disease of old age but affects children and young people as well. For people who have developed pyorrhoea treatment is available in homeopathic system of medicine. For pyorrhoea homeopathic treatment can be safely adopted provided one takes care of oral hygiene. In India Dr Willmar Schwabe manufactures and distributes pyorrhoea medicine that is safe and swift to act. Gum infections and inflammation can be effectively cleared out by these medicines in a short amount of time. Biocombination No.18 by Schwabe India is a routinely prescribed medicine for gum diseases and pyorrhoea. It consists of Calcarea fluorica 3x, Calcarea sulphurica 3x and Silicea 6x in equal proportions. All of these salts have exceptional effect on connective tissues like skin, hair, bones and teeth. They act favorably on the gums and teeth and root out infections. One can see the positive effect in just a few days of starting the medicine. The dosage is generally four tablets twice or thrice a day as prescribed by a qualified homeopath. It may vary for children. The safest course of action is to visit a doctor as soon as signs of gum disease appear rather than waiting for a distressing turn of events. One can get appropriately diagnosed, tested and treated in the supervision of a qualified physician and make the best use of homeopathic remedies.