Dandruff may be caused by dry skin or scalp, seborrheic dermatitis, hypersensitivity to certain hair products or allergens and some kind of fungal infection of scalp. The exact cause is unknown, but various factors such as certain skin or medical conditions and the use of inappropriate hair products can increase the risk. It is mostly characterized by an itchy scalp, flakiness, thick greasy patches on the scalp, etc. Though there are many over-the-counter medicines and products exclusively to treat dandruff, some natural home remedies and a healthy lifestyle can be very effective and harmless.
Coconut oil: It is a natural remedy for dandruff. Coconut oil helps to improve and maintain the moisture and prevent dryness. It keeps the scalp hydrated.
Tea tree oil: It is very useful in treating dandruff as it has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties that help to reduce the symptoms of dandruff.
Aloe vera: Its pulp is used as a constituent in many skin ointments, cosmetics and lotions. It helps to treat skin conditions like burns, psoriasis and cold sores and also effective in the treatment of dandruff.
Curds and lemon: Curd and lemon are also very helpful in treating dandruff.
De-stressing: Though stress doesn?t cause dandruff, it can aggravate symptoms like dryness and itching. Too much stress can trigger dandruff in some people, so managing it better can reduce symptoms.
Apple cider vinegar: It is used to treat many fungal infections and hence it is also often used as a natural remedy to get rid of dandruff. The acidity of the vinegar is believed to stimulate the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp and to reduce the growth of fungus.
Omega-3 fatty acids: Eating foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids help to reduce dryness of skin, reduce inflammation and maintain a healthy skin and hair. It helps to relieve irritation and dryness of scalp. Some of the rich sources are fish like salmon, trout and mackerel. It can also be taken as fish oil supplement. Other plant sources are flaxseed, chia seeds and walnuts.
Washing more often: If a person has an oily scalp and oily hair, then washing the hair frequently and combing regularly can help to reduce dandruff.
Sunlight: Regular exposure to sunlight is good for a healthy skin and scalp.
Homeopathic medicines for dandruff
There are many good medicines in homeopathy to reduce and treat dandruff. Some of the few medicines are Schwabe India’s Cochlearia MT, Arnica MT, Jaborandi MT, Acid phosphoricum, Selenium, Natrum muriaticum, etc.