The oil from the leaves is antiseptic and is used in infections of the upper respiratory tract and certain skin diseases; mixed with equal amount of olive oil used for rheumatism; also used in ointments for burns; mosquito repellent. The tincture internally is used as a stimulating expectorant in chronic bronchitis and asthma. It is a remedy with marked effects on catarrhal processes, malaria and intestinal disturbances. It is used in case of gastrointestinal irritation with pain in stomach and upper intestines several hours after eating. In case of haemorrahges, it is used internally as well as externally. Research on leaves reveal a wax which is an antioxidant more effective than Alpha-tocopherol.
1. W. Boericke, New Manual of Homoeopathic Materia Medica & Repertory [with Relationship of Remedies], Second Re-Augmented & Revised Edition Based on Ninth Edition, Reprint Edition 2002, B. Jain Publishers, New Delhi.
2. Dr. P. N. Varma, et al., A Compendium of Rare and Clinically Established Mother Tinctures, 4th Edition, Dr. Willmar Schwabe India Pvt. Ltd., A-36, Sector 60, Noida.