As the season changes, it brings a lot of changes in our body as our body tries to adapt to all the changes happening in our environment. When we are healthy or have strong immunity we adapt with the environmental changes without even noticing it. But when our immunity is lower, even a small trigger of change in the environment can affect us. Kids are more prone to these changes as their immunity is lower than the adults. The commonest infestations from these changes are common cold and cough.
Common cold and cough are the infections generally caused by viruses and bacteria respectively. It can spread indirectly viz. droplets from an infected person or directly by coming in contact with the infected person or from its infected secretions. Normally our nasal passage defends any infection by small hairs present inside our nose and constant secretion of mucus in it. But when the immunity is lower they enter our body by overcoming these hurdles from the nasal passage and when invades superficially, causes common cold. But when these microorganisms invade deeper, they cause cough with or without cold.
The symptoms are running nose or stuffed nose and sneezing, which can be present with or without cough. Cough may be present with or without expectoration. The discharge from the nose can be yellow or green which indicates a bacterial infection. There might be some other accompanying symptoms like headache, tiredness, fever, pain in muscles and loss of appetite. In few cases where the problem persists for a longer duration or remain untreated, difficulty in breathing may develop along with rattling of mucus in chest.
Homeopathic medicines for Cold and Cough in Kids of all Ages:
There are many medicines in Homeopathy which can cure these conditions in children in a short duration and effective manner. Few of them are Aconitum napellus, Antimonium tartaricum, Arsenicum album, Bryonia alba, Drosera rotundifolia, Hepar sulph, Natrum sulphuricuum, Pulsatilla, Rumex crispus, Spongia tosta, etc. Indications of some these medicines are given below:
Aconitum napellus: This is the first remedy to be thought of for kids of all ages especially in complaints caused after exposure to dry, cold wind and also from exposure to very hot weather. This should be given in early period of these complaints. Cough will be dry and short which becomes worse at night. There might be some difficulty in breathing which increases with movements.
Antimonium tartaricum: It is indicated when there is rattling of mucus which comes out in a small quantity or doesn?t come out at all. Cough increases from eating with pain in chest and throat. These complaints are accompanied by sleepiness, weakness and sweat.
Arsenicum album: To be given when there is watery discharge from the nose which burns the skin and the nose feels as if stopped up. This becomes worse in open air and the kid feels better inside the room. If the kid have difficulty in breathing, it will be present with burning sensation in chest and he will be unable to lie down. It acts best when the above stated symptoms are present along with weakness exhaustion and a state of restlessness.
Bryonia alba: When there is coryza accompanying pain in forehead, this should be thought of. There is dry cough from irritation in throat which becomes worse at night and with soreness in throat. It increases from going into a warm room.
Drosera rotundifolia: For dry, irritating cough when there is incessant coughing leading to choking sensation. Becomes worse at midnight. There is rough scrapped sensation in the throat. Child may not have cough throughout the day but as soon as he goes to sleep, he starts coughing.
Hepar sulphuris: Inflammation of the air passages with profuse discharges and sweating this medicine is indicated. There will be soreness of nose. Sneezing every time when child is exposed to cold with running nose. Cough is choking and the child has to sit up and bend his head backwards to get relief from suffocation. Becomes worse on cold air exposure.
Natrum sulphuricum: In coryza there is thick yellow discharge from the nose. During cough there is greenish and thick sputum. Sypmtoms gets worse at night and the child has to wake up and sit on the bed to get relief.
Pulsatilla: Coryza with stopping of nose especially of right side with pain. The smelling power of nose is hampered. There will be yellow mucus with symptoms worse in evening. Dry cough throughout the day but profuse expectoration in morning.
Rumex crispus: It is indicated when there is cough caused by excessive tickling in the throat pit. There is dry cough preventing sleep with a feeling of rawness in throat. The cough becomes worse from inhaling cool air and from talking.
Spongia tosta: Coryza with running nose which alters with stopping of nose. Dry cough with hoarseness of voice. These are accompanied with dryness of the air passages. Cough relieves from eating and drinking especially warm liquids. Becomes worse in a heated room and lying with head low.
Common cold and cough are the common conditions which affects the kids. These conditions can be cured effectively and without side effects with the use of Homoeopathic medicines. There are many medicines which can be used for these conditions which has different indications and has to be given according to the characteristic symptoms presented by the kids. The commonly used medicines for these conditions are aconite, arsenic, hepar sulph, drosera, spongia, pulsatilla etc. But in any case a registered Homeopathic practitioner should be consulted for your kid as the severity of the condition might not be diagnosed by the symptoms only. Also the dose and potency can be decided by them only.