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From Mild to Severe: How Homeopathy Can Treat Migraines at Any Stage

From-Mild-to-Severe--How-Homeopathy-Can-Treat-Migraines-at-Any-Stage

What is a migraine?

A migraine is one of the most common nerve-related diseases that cause various symptoms, such as a throbbing or pulsing headache on one side of the head. Physical activity, lights, sounds, or smells will likely worsen your migraine. It may last for hours or even for days. Research shows that it is the sixth most disabling disease in the world. A migraine is a headache with severe throbbing or a pulsing sensation, usually on one half of the head. It is often associated with nausea, vomiting, and hypersensitivity to light, touch, and sound. A migraine attack can last hours to days, and the pain is so severe that it may interfere with daily activities.

A migraine is much more than a nasty headache. This nerve disease can cause terrible throbbing pain that may leave you in bed for days. In addition to such a headache, it can be triggered or worsened by any slightest movement, sound, light, etc. In contrast, other triggers might lead to symptoms such as pain, tiredness, visual disturbances, nausea, numbness, tingling, irritability, difficult speech, temporary loss of vision, etc. Migraine headaches can be very challenging to treat and manage.

Many experts estimate that nearly half of the adult population experiences headaches. In addition, women are about three times more likely than men to experience migraines. 

For some people, a hunch or sign happens before a migraine attack. Such a sensation is called an aura. An aura includes visual disturbances, such as flashes of light or blind spots, tingling sensation on one side of the face or an arm oreg, and difficulty speaking.

Medications can help prevent some migraines, reduce the pain, and provide some relief. In addition, the right medicines, self-help remedies, and lifestyle changes might help.

Symptoms of migraine

Migraines affecting all age groups, including children, teenagers, and adults, may progress through four stages: prodrome, aura, attack, and post-drome. However, not everyone who has migraines goes through all steps.

Prodrome phase

People suffering from migraine might experience very mild and specific changes that warn of an upcoming migraine one or two days before the attacks. They are:

  • Hard stools or Constipation
  • Mood changes from sadness to happiness
  • Food cravings
  • Neck stiffness
  • frequent urination
  • retention of fluids
  • spasmodic yawning
  • Any aura

Some people experience an aura just before or during migraines. Auras are usually reversible symptoms of the nervous system. They are typically visual aura, but they can also be other disturbances. Each sign begins gradually, builds up slowly for over a minute, and can last up to 60 minutes.

What is called an aura?

Aura is a foreboding sensation revealed through sensory, motor, and speech. They act like warning signals to the impending migraine headache. An aura is often misdiagnosed as a seizure or stroke. It typically occurs before the headache begins though it can also appear during or even after. It can last about 10 to 60 minutes. Almost 15% to 20% of people who suffer from migraines develop auras.

The symptoms of auras are reversible, meaning they can be stopped or healed. An aura produces symptoms that may include:

  • Seeing bright flashing dots, sparkles, or lights.
  • Blind spots in your vision.
  • Numb or tingling skin.
  • Speech changes.
  • Ringing in your ears.
  • Temporary vision loss.
  • Seeing wavy or jagged lines.
  • Changes in smell or taste.
  • A funny feeling.

Types of migraine headaches

There are several types of migraines; some types go by different names:

  • Migraine with aura: Around 15% to 20% of people with migraine headaches experience an aura.
  • Migraine without aura: A headache occurs without any warning sign in this type of migraine. The symptoms are the same, but the aura phase doesn’t happen.
  • Migraine without head pain: It is also called a silent migraine, preceded by an aura but not the headache that follows immediately.
  • Hemiplegic migraine: In this type, there is temporary paralysis or sensory changes on one side of the body. The migraine headache may or may not be associated with a tingling sensation, numbness and weakness in one half of the body, a loss of sense, vision changes, and dizziness. Sometimes it includes a headache, and sometimes it doesn’t.
  • Retinal migraine: In this type, the affected person may experience temporary, partial, or complete vision loss in one of their eyes, associated with a dull ache in the orbit and the eye that spreads to the rest of the head. The vision troubles may last as short as a minute and as long as a month. A retinal migraine needs immediate healthcare because it may be a sign of a more severe problem.
  • Chronic migraine: A chronic migraine attacks at least 15 days a month. The symptoms and the severity of the pain keep changing. Those who suffer from regular attacks may be using pain medications for more than 10 to 15 days a month, which can lead to headaches that happen even more frequently.
  • Migraine with brainstem aura: In this condition, the migraine is accompanied by vertigo, slurred speech, double vision, or loss of balance, which occurs before the headache. In addition, the headache may affect the back of the head. The symptoms appear suddenly or may be associated with speech difficulty, tinnitus, and vomiting. five 
  • Status migrainosus. It is an infrequent and severe migraine that may last longer than 72 hours. The symptoms are excruciating such as headache, pain, and nausea. In addition, some medications, or withdrawal from long-term medicines, can also cause this type of migraine.

Also Read Tips to get Relief from Headache with Homeopathic Medicine

The stages of a migraine

The four stages of migraine are the prodrome premonitory, aura, headache, and postdrome. 

  • Prodrome: it lasts a few hours or days. Some mention it as the preheadache or premonitory stage.
  • Aura: The aura phase may last from 60 minutes to five minutes. Most people do not experience an aura, and some simultaneously have both aura and headache
  • Headache: The headache last for about four hours to three days. The pain is terrible and unbearable and difficult to describe because sometimes it may be mild, but most times, the pain feels like drilling and throbbing into the head. There is also a typical sensation of an icepick stabbed into the head. The headache starts on one side of the head and spreads to the other.
  • Postdrome: The postdrome is one of the stages of migraine that affects a person for one to two days. It is called a migraine hangover, and 80% of those with this condition experience this symptom.

It takes about one to three days to go through the four stages.

During the migraine headache

usually, the migraine symptoms last from four hours to three days if left untreated. The signs and triggers vary from individual to individual. Migraines may occur rarely or strike a person several times a month.

During a migraine, you might have the following:

  • The pain usually begins on one side of the head and spreads to another side. Sometimes it may be alternating pains.
  • Throbbing or pulsating pain.
  • Over sensitivity to light, sound, smell, touch, etc.
  • Nausea with vomiting

The post-drome phase of migraine

Some feel drained and confused after each attack, while others feel elated. Any unexpected or sudden movement of the head may trigger the pain briefly.

When to see a doctor

Migraines are mostly taken as simple headaches and left undiagnosed and untreated. They are mostly diagnosed when the signs and symptoms of the headache get severe and intolerable. To treat them properly, it is crucial to record the time, duration, and type of migraine headaches. 

Even if you have a history of simple but frequent headaches, it is essential to record the pattern and changes of the headaches if they feel different suddenly.

Visit your doctor immediately or emergency care if the symptoms are more frequent and painful. Look out for these symptoms, such as:

  • An abrupt and severe headache that feels like a thunderclap.
  • or a severe headache associated with high fever, neck stiffness, loss of orientation and confusion, etc. Sometimes a person can also experience seizures, vision problems, numbness, tingling, and weakness in certain body parts. these symptoms may indicate or can be a sign of a stroke or any severe problem.
  • Headache after head injuries.
  • A chronic headache that gets worse after any physical exertion, straining, coughing, or sudden abrupt movement.
  • Any sudden appearance of headache after the age of 50 years.

Causes

The causes of migraine are not entirely understood. There are still research and studies regarding the cause of migraines. Genetics and environmental factors also play some role in its origin. Any pathophysiological changes in the medulla of the brain stem or its interactions with the trigeminal nerve and especially the facial nerve form a major pain pathway. If there is an interruption in the signals or any compression on the nerve may also be involved. In addition, any imbalances in brain chemicals such as serotonin, endorphins, and melatonin may also help regulate the pain in the nervous system and hence play a role in migraine headaches.

Research and studies are being conducted to define the role of serotonin in migraines. In addition, some other neurotransmitters that play a role in controlling the pain of migraine include calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP).

Migraine triggers

Several triggering factors bring on an attack of migraine, such as:

  • Hormonal changes in women: the hormonal Fluctuations in women, especially estrogen and progesterone before and during menses, pregnancy, and menopause, appear to trigger headaches in many women.
  • Certain medications: Steroidal medication, and hormonal pills, like oral contraceptives, also cause and trigger migraines. However, on the contrary, some women feel that migraine attacks are less frequent when taking these medications.
  • Drinks: Intake of alcohol, wine, and too much caffeine, can trigger an attack.
  • Stress: Stress can be a severe problem for people with migraine. Stress at work and home drains them of energy and their happy hormones like serotonin and leads to migraine.
  • Sensory stimuli: For many people, a bright light, sudden sounds, thunders, strong perfumes, and strong odors can bring out an attack of migraines or headaches. Other triggers are the smell of paint thinner, secondhand smoke, etc., triggering migraines in some people.
  • Sleep changes:  Loss of sleep or too much sleep can trigger migraines in some people.
  • Physical factors:  Very intense workout. Physical exertion, physical activities, and sexual activity also might trigger migraine.
  • A change in weather or season can also cause migraine.
  • Certain Foods:  Some food items like processed cheese, salty foods and snacks, and other processed or canned foods might trigger migraines. Food additives and preservatives, such as aspartame and a preservative that is more often used in street foods and fast foods monosodium glutamate also aggravate migraine symptoms.

Risk factors for migraine

Not everyone has the same triggering factor or same symptom presentation. Hence it is often difficult to predict who are prone to migraine and who may not, but some risk factors may make a person more vulnerable. Some of the many factors that may lead to a migraine attack are:

  • Family history:  A person is more inclined towards having migraine if they have a family member with migraines, 
  • Age:  Migraines may begin at any age, but the first attack usually appears during adolescence. It peaks during the 30s and gradually becomes less severe and less frequent in the following years.
  • Genetics: About 80% of people with migraine headaches may have a first-degree blood relative with this condition.
  • Gender:  Women are thrice more likely than men to have migraines, especially women between 15 and 55. the reason behind this may be the hormonal surges and hormonal imbalance throughout the life of women. 
  • Hormonal changes: As mentioned earlier, women often experience migraine headaches just before or shortly after the onset of menses. They also might change during pregnancy or menopause. However, migraines generally improve after menopause.

Complications

Taking painkillers too often can trigger severe medication-induced migraine headaches. The most common medicines that cause overdose-induced migraines are painkillers such as aspirin, acetaminophen, and caffeine. It may also occur if a person takes too much aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve pain.

Overuse of painkillers leads to migraine headaches because the medications stop relieving pain and begin to cause headaches. 

Frequency of migraine attacks

The migraine frequency could be once a year, weekly, or any time between. However, having two to four migraine headaches per month is the most common.

Migraine is a neurological medical condition that typically causes painful headaches with additional symptoms, like sensitivity to light, sound, smell, or touch.

More than just the cause of bad headaches, migraine is a nerve-related disease that causes multiple symptoms. Though it is characterized by intense, severe headaches frequently, the person may also experience other additional symptoms such as:

  • nausea and vomiting
  • difficult speech
  • numbness or tingling
  • sensitivity to light and sound

In the conventional system of medicine, acute medications are given as soon as a migraine is suspected as the diagnosis. They manage the symptoms with the following:

  • NSAIDs, like ibuprofen or aspirin, to treat the pain
  • Triptans are for individuals with nerve pain as a symptom of migraine attacks.
  • Antiemetics, along with NSAIDs, help treat nausea and vomiting.
  • Finally, Ergot alkaloids are usually reserved for individuals who do not have the first line of treatments.
  • Preventative medications are prescribed to people whose migraine attacks can be unbearable, and the attacks frequently occur more than four times a month.
  • Antihypertensives such as beta blockers and angiotensin are prescribed for high blood pressure and to prevent migraine. 
  • Anticonvulsants to prevent migraine attacks and also seizures.
  • Antidepressants to prevent migraine attacks.
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide treatments are administered via injection or IV to prevent a migraine attack from developing.

Diagnosis and tests

This condition runs in families and can affect all ages. However, women are more likely than males to be diagnosed with migraine.

The diagnosis of migraine is made based on clinical history, presenting symptoms, and the causes. The most common categories of migraine headaches are episodic versus chronic, and those without aura and those with aura.

Keeping a migraine journal is beneficial to a person as it helps the doctor diagnose the type of migraine. The diary should be detailed and updated about the symptoms before, during, and after a migraine attack. Also, the date and time of the migraine, the beginning of the prodrome, the aura phase, the headache, and the postdrome

It would be best to describe what stage you are in and how long it lasts. Note if there is a pattern so that it may help to know what will happen next.

A thorough medical history, family history, and a record of your migraine-related symptoms would be needed to diagnose a migraine.

The migraine headaches and symptoms may be misinterpreted as sinus or tension headaches. For such instances, the migraine journal can be beneficial for learning about your unique situation.

Management and treatment

Migraine headaches are chronic. They cannot be cured but can only be managed usually. The conventional treatment approaches use two kinds of medications: an abortive and a preventive.

1. Abortive medications: are most effective when taken at the first sign of a migraine or when the symptoms are mild.

    It helps by possibly preventing headaches. It also s help avoid or decrease migraine symptoms, including pain, nausea, light sensitivity, etc. Some abortive medications constrict the blood vessels, bring them back to normal, and relieve the throbbing pain.

    2. Preventive medications: may be prescribed when severe headaches happen more than four times a month and significantly interfere with daily activities. At the same time, preventive medications reduce the frequency and severity of the headaches. Medications are generally taken regularly, daily, to help prevent migraines.

    Treatment of migraine

    Over-the-counter medications are effective for people with mild to moderate migraines. The main ingredients in pain-relieving pills are ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen, and caffeine.

    Be cautious when taking over-the-counter pain-relieving medications. Medicine abuse can cause analgesic rebound headaches or a drug dependency problem. If a person takes pain medications more than twice to three times a week, it might be a cause for concern as it may cause drug dependency. The doctor may suggest prescription medications that may be more effective.

    Drugs to relieve migraine pain come in various forms and formulations, such as pills, capsules, tablets, injections, suppositories, nasal sprays, etc. Always discuss with your doctor the specific medication, a combination of drugs, and formulations to best meet your unique headache pain. 

    All medicines should be taken under the guidance of a neurologist or healthcare provider familiar with migraine therapy. As with any other medication, it is essential to follow the instructions and advice of your doctor.

    Biofeedback: This helps you take note of stressful situations that could trigger symptoms. For example, if the headache begins slowly, biofeedback can stop the attack before it becomes full-blown. It is a kit or special equipment strapped to the head that helps to measure the physical tension in the body and alerts a person when they need to control the stress, which changes the biological processes concerning stress. It is unnecessary to use the equipment forever because you will get used to detecting the tension independently. It can be used on children as well as adults.

    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): where a specialist can teach you how actions and thoughts affect how you sense pain.

    Supplements: Research has found that some vitamins, minerals, and herbs can prevent or treat migraines. These include riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and melatonin. In addition, Butterbur may head off migraines but can also affect your liver enzymes.

    Bodywork: Physical treatments like chiropractic, massage, acupressure, acupuncture, and craniosacral therapy ease headache symptoms.

    It is always better to avoid any medications for migraines when pregnant or if a woman is considering getting pregnant, as this kit and the medication may affect the baby. However, with permission, you may take a mild pain reliever like acetaminophen under the physician’s advice.

    Talk to the doctor before trying any complementary or alternative treatments.

    Alternative migraine management 

    • Rest in a dark, quiet, and cool room.
    • Apply a cold/hot compress or washcloth to your forehead or behind your neck. 
    • Massage the scalp regularly.
    • practice Yoga and meditation
    • Apply pressure to the temples in a circular motion.
    • Keep yourself in a calm state.

    Prevention

    As of now, there is no complete cure for migraine headaches, but they can be actively managed and controlled by following the following tips:

    • Maintain a migraine diary to note any foods and other triggers that may have caused you to develop a migraine. Then, change your diet and avoid those triggers as much as possible.
    • Get a prescription for CGRP monoclonal antibodies. This injection was specially created to help patients with migraines.
    • Get at least seven to nine hours of sleep a night.
    • Eat at regular intervals. Do not skip any meals, and drink plenty of water.
    • Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight.
    • Learn to control stress through meditation, Yoga, relaxation training, and mindful meditation.
    • Take medications as directed by your doctor. Do not self-medicate or overdose. 
    • Preventative medications are antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, calcitonin gene-related peptides, medicines for high blood pressure, and Botox injections. Notice that some medications can help manage migraine and may also help prevent one.
    • Talk to your doctor about hormone therapy if you feel the migraines are linked to the menstrual cycle.
    • Get counseling from a therapist for help to control the stress. 

    What is the prognosis of migraine?

    Migraines are unique to each individual. Likewise, how migraines are managed is also impressive. The best results are achieved by learning and avoiding personal triggers, managing the symptoms, practicing prevention methods, following the doctor’s advice correctly, and reporting any notable changes as soon as they occur.

    Homeopathic Treatment for Migraine Headache

    Homeopathic remedies for migraine are reliable and safe. They offer effective migraine treatment. They work wonders for acute migraine attacks or even chronic migraine. These medicines for migraine are selected as per the individual case. Individual symptoms are studied in detail, and the appropriate medication is prescribed. They identify and attack migraine at the root. Migraines with or without aura respond very well to natural homeopathic medicines.

    Homeopathic Medicine for Migraine Headache

    The most used medicines to treat migraine symptoms are Belladonna, Bryonia, Gelsemium, Glonoinum, Ignatia, Iris versicolor, Natrum muriaticum, Nux vomica, Sanguinaria, Sepia, Silicea, Cimicifuga, Coffea cruda, Cyclamen, Kali phosphoricum, Lachesis, Lycopodium, Spigelia. The top-ranked homeopathic medicines for migraine are Belladonna, Glonoinum, Iris Versicolor, Epiphegus, and Nux Vomica.

    Summary 

    Migraine headaches can be horrible and make working, going to school, or conducting other daily activities impossible. However, there are some ways to possibly prevent migraine and others to help you manage and endure the symptoms. But first, work with your doctor to keep migraines from ruling your life.

    Suppose you want an alternative and safe solution to treat migraine headaches. In that case, you can opt for homeopathic treatment as the second choice, as people constantly reach out to homeopathy after trying various modes of treatment. A migraine is a form of headache that usually affects one side of your head. However, in some cases, the migraine headache affects the whole head and neck. Therefore, homeopathy can be a safe mode of treatment for migraine headaches as it is safe, harmless, and quite effective. Below are some of the best homeopathic medicines for migraine headaches treatment.

    If you are experiencing migraine headaches, you should fix an appointment with a homeopathic practitioner. He will observe and diagnose your headache and prescribe the best homeopathic remedies that suit you and your individual symptoms.

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