A joint is an articular surface between the bones in the body. It is the connecting link of the skeletal system that makes it functional and allows movements of different degrees and types. Some joints help to carry the weight of the body and also in animation. Below are some terms related to joints:
Disease of the joint can be acute/ short-lived or exceedingly chronic. It can be caused by infection, injury or any pathological disease. The symptoms can be mild or excruciatingly painful and uncomfortable. They may be localized to one joint or may affect various parts of the frame of the body. The disease of the joint can be inflammatory or noninflammatory.
The pain can be caused by injury affecting the bone, cartilage, joint, or the ligaments, bursae, or tendons that surround the joint. The pain is also a feature of joint inflammation and infection. It can also be referred to as arthralgia. Arthritis is the best-known inflammatory joint disease out of many others to cause inflammation and pain in the joint. Bursitis and dislocation can be a reason for intense pain and limited motion of the limb. The other rare causes for the occurrence of the pain in joints can include cartilage tear, bone Tumor, synovial sarcoma, STD, gonorrhea.
Symptoms and signs associated with the inflammation and pain in the joint can include:
- Redness and swelling of the joint
- Tenderness in the joint,
- Warmth in the affected area,
- Limping while walking,
- Locking of the joint and stiffness,
- Loss of range of motion of the joint
- Muscle Cramps and pain
It is a general term for inflammatory disease of the joint contributing to inflammation of the joints, pain, stiffness, swelling, and often redness of the skin adjacent to the joint. Effusion of fluid into the cavity of the joint is the common nature of the disease. Adhesions between the joints are also very frequent in such cases, which results in ankylosis. Types of arthritis:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Joint infections
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Reactive arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Septic arthritis
- Thumb arthritis
Rheumatism is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints. It is an autoimmune disorder, but it is also influenced by other factors like infections, inheritance, and hormones. In the acute phase, joints become stiff and develop painful swelling all around, which is followed by degeneration in the chronic stage. The finger joints are typically the most affected which develops an atypical spindle shape.
The inflammation of the lubricating sac which is located over a joint or between tendons, muscles or bones, is called bursitis or bursal synovitis. In rheumatoid arthritis and gout bursas sometimes are affected along with the joints and tendon sheaths. Penetrating wounds of the bloodstream are the ways of the introduction of infectious agents. The subdeltoid bursa, above the shoulder joint, is the most commonly affected bursa.
Occasionally microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, viruses enter the body via three routes and affect the joints: by direct contamination, through the bloodstream, and by extension from adjoining bony infections (osteomyelitis). The cartilage may be damaged from the infection by such bacteria as staphylococci, hemolytic streptococci, and pneumococci. Examples of infectious arthritis include Tuberculous spondylitis (Pott disease), Coccidioides immitis, Brucellosis, leprosy (Hansen disease).
The collagen diseases are the abnormalities germinate in the collagen-containing connective tissue. These diseases are frequently accompanied by joint problems. Example of collagen diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), generalized scleroderma. Rheumatic fever often is categorized with collagen diseases.
Treatment for the disorder of the joint
Treatment of joint trouble depends on the reason. Infrequently, the treatment begins with the rest, ice, compression, and elevation. This helps to alleviate pain, bring down the swelling, and a fast recovery. Along with medicaments, rehabilitation, and sometimes surgery are also suggested according to the state of the join. If the disease is advanced, or injuries are severe, you may need to undergo joint replacement surgery to amend the damaged joint and put in a new one in place of the old one.
Homeopathic treatment for disorder of the joints causing pain, inflammation and a limitation of motion:
Rhus toxicodendron: The complaints of joints from over lifting, overstretching, sprain, infections are well managed with the use of this homeopathic medicine. It is indicated in pains and stiffness in shoulders, legs, small of the back, better lying upon something hard. Pain in limbs as from a sprain. The sensation of pain is like tearing and burning. The shoulder, arm feels lame and sore. The overall condition is worse in cold, wet weather, in bed at night and rest. Motion provides relief.
Ruta grevelons: This homeopathic medicine has an extraordinary kinship for joints, fibrous tissue, tendons, cartilages, periosteum. The characteristic of pain sensation in different body parts feels as if bruised. Pain and stitches in the coccyx, small of the back felt when sitting, stooping or walking; better by pressure and when lying down. The hamstrings feel shortened while walking. Inflammatory condition of the joints.
Symphytum officinale: This homeopathic formula is found useful in case of acute arthritic pain. It has anti-inflammatory properties to promote healing of bruises, sprains, and open wounds when applied directly to the affected area.
Ledum palustre: Joint complaints after animal, insect, or tick bites Impressed area feel cold but also relieved by cold applications while warmth aggravates. Rheumatism complaints of the small joints worsened by getting warm in bed. Gout, sprains of joints, especially ankles, puncture wounds, swelling, pain in the joint. It also treats infection and septic states of wounds. The septic wounds with swelling, mottling, coldness an itching relieved by cold compresses.
Topi MP gel-Homeopathic ointment:
Homeopathic ointment for easy local application and quick relief are available in the market. Topi MP gel for the external treatment of painful conditions of the joints. It provides relief from sciatic pain, painful spondylosis of the neck and lowers backache. Degenerative disorders in old age like osteoarthritis, causes pain and inflammation in the joints, due to overuse and aging, Topi MP is found useful in such cases as well.