It belongs to Cucurbitaceae family. In Hindi it is known as Parwal. It is a dioecious plant. Plant is creeper. Plant has heart-shaped leaves and is grown on a trellis. The fruits are green with white or no stripes; size varies for 5 to 15 cm.
It is easily available in India particularly in Odisha, Bengal, Assam, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. It is also found in Bangladesh.
It is a good source of carbohydrates, vitamin A, and vitamin C. It also contains major nutrients and trace elements like magnesium, potassium, copper, sulphur, and chlorine.
It is covered by Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India. Root is used to prepare mother tincture.
It is used in malaria, kala-zar, nausea and vomiting. According to a new research it is found that extract of Trichosanthes dioica leaves has good hypoglycemic potential along with a high anti-diabetic profile.
Recommended dose: Φ in drop doses and diluted up to the equivalent of 3rd attenuation and above.
Recommended dose: 1x/Q, 10-20 drops.
Prashant Kumar Raia, Dolly Jaiswala, Rakesh Kumar Singha, Rajesh Kumar Guptab & Geeta Watal; Glycemic Properties of Trichosanthes dioica Leaves; Retrieved on 12/04/16.