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Illicium Anisatum – Schwabe News Jan Mar 2019 – Schwabe India

Illicium anisatum

It is also known as Illicium verum & Anisum stellatum. Its common name is Star Anise. It is an evergreen tree grows up to 60 ft. Leaves are lanceolate and evergreen. It bears greenish-yellow flowers and star-shaped fruits which are segmented. It is native to south east China. It is also found in northeast Indonesia.

It contains 85% of anethole, mythlchavicol and safrole. Its flavor is due to 1, 4-cineol. It is main source of the chemical compound shikimic acid.Image result for Illicium anisatum

It is covered by Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India as well as Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of United States. Seeds are used to prepare mother tincture.

It is reported that traditionally it has been used in China for rheumatism, back pain, hernias. It has antibacterial, carminative, diuretic, odontalgic, stimulant, and stomachic activities. It is used as mouth freshener. It is effective for wind, indigestion, colic of children. Recent study found that Illicium anisatum possess antimicrobial property is due to anethole present in the dried fruit. It is effective against bacteria, yeast and fungal strains.

Recommended dose: Q/1x 10 to 30 drops.

References:

  1. P. N. Varma, Indu Vaid, Encyclopaedia of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia, Updated edition 2007, B. Jain Publishers, New Delhi.
  2. Andrew Chevallier, The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants, 1st Edition, 1996, Dorling Kindersley, London.
  3. Minakshi De, Amit Krishna De,Parimal Sen, Arun Baran Banerjee, Antimicrobial properties of star anise (Illicium verum Hook f). 23 January 2002 https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.989
  4. Y Quiñones-Gutiérrez, MJ Verde-Star, C Rivas-Morales, A Oranday-Cárdenas, R Mercado-Hernández, A Chávez-Montes, MP Barrón-González. In vitro study of antiamoebic activity of methanol extract of fruit of Pimpinella anisum on trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica HM1-IMSS. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(16), pp. 2065-2068.
  5. Gurdip Singh, Sumitra Maurya, MP deLampasona, Cesar Catalan. Chemical constituents, antimicrobial investigations and antioxidative potential of volatile oil and acetone extract of star anise fruits. Wiley online library. 08 September 2005. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2277.
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