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Urine flows from the bladder to urethra in men. The prostate gland is one of the important organs of the male reproductive system in men that lies beneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The urethra passes from the center of this gland. It is a very small walnut-sized gland. It provides prostate fluid one of the constituents of the semen. It also provides nutrition to the sperms. Another function of this gland is to propel the seminal fluid during ejaculation into the urethra. The enlargement of the prostate blocks the flow of the urine through the urethra. This happens when the cells of the prostate start to multiply leading to hyperplasia of the gland. Due to the narrowing of the urethra, the urinary bladder has to forcefully contract to push the urine out through the body. With time, the bladder muscle may become stronger, thicker, or it may become overly sensitive and begins contracting even to a very small amount of urine. This results in urgency and frequent urination. Sooner or later, the bladder muscle cannot surmount the effect of the narrowed urethra ultimately there is retention of the urine in the bladder and it is not completely emptied. Men over 45 years are mostly affected. Studies have provided evidence that about 60-70% of males suffering from prostate enlargement were of advancing age.

Symptoms of prostate enlargement may include:

  • A weak flow or slow stream of the urine
  • Unsatisfactory bladder emptying due to retention
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Urgency to urinate
  • Hesitancy
  • Disturbed sleep due to recurrent urination at night
  • Intermittent urination
  • Have to strain to urinate
  • Continued dribbling of urine into the pants
  • Incontinence

Incomplete emptying of urine is not something to be ignored, a sudden and complete inability to urinate is a medical emergency It can lead to complications like urinary tract infections. Other serious troubles can also develop, including bladder stones, blood in the urine, incontinence, and acute urinary retention, hydronephrosis. If you have any of the mentioned symptoms immediate visit to a doctor or urologist is very well considered. In rare cases, damage to the bladder, damage to the kidney or renal failure can develop from BPH.

Diagnosis and lab tests for Prostate enlargement:

Exams and tests your doctor or urologist will advise you in case you are suffering from prostate enlargement. He may also perform a physical-digital rectal to feel the prostate exam. Other tests may include:

Urine flow rate, post-void residual urine test(to see how much urine is left in the urinary bladder after completing urination), pressure-flow studies(to measure the pressure in the bladder as the person urinates), urinalysis (to check for the presence of any blood or infection in the urine), urine culture (to check for any infection), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test (to screen for prostate cancer), cystoscopy, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine tests

You may also be asked to fill out a questionnaire to rate the severity of your symptoms. Some questions are based on how much the symptoms affect your daily life. The doctor will use this score to make a prognosis of your condition and suggest the treatment and management plan accordingly.

Treatment for prostate enlargement:

The treatment suggested to you will be either your personal preference or is based on the severity of your symptoms and how much they hassle with your routine life. Any other chronic illness or medical history is also considered before the suggestion of any particular treatment strategy. Treatment options include “watchful waiting,” lifestyle changes, medication, minimum invasive therapies or surgery. Sometimes the disease is silent, which means you may not have evident symptoms or only minor symptoms even with a discernable enlarged prostate. Erstwhile, mild prostate enlargement can cause a hassle in your life. If you are above 60, you are presumptive to have symptoms.

SELF-CARE: For mild symptoms, self-care steps are often helpful to make you feel better.

  • Urinate when you first get the urge of urination.
  • Set a timetable, or a bathroom schedule, even if you don’t feel a need to urinate.
  • Abstain and avoid alcohol and tea or coffee, especially after dinner or before bedtime.
  • Avoid drink fluid all at once. Try drinking slowly and spread out fluid intakes during the day. Avoid drinking fluids within 2 hours before sleeping.
  • Certain cold and sinus medicines containing decongestants or antihistamines can increase the urinary symptoms. Try not to take any over-the-counter medication to get quick relief.
  • Exercise regularly. Any lack of physical activity may worsen symptoms. While exercising consistently can help you to strengthen the bladder and the pelvic floor muscles to help you to control urination.
  • Keep warm in the cold weather.
  • Reduce stress, get enough sleep and rest. Nervousness, stress, and tension can lead to more frequent urination.

Deciding on treatment for the prostate enlargement:

Medications, minimally-invasive therapy procedures, and surgery are available to treat an enlarged prostate.

The foremost treatment for you depends extensively on your symptoms, how much severe they are, and other serious medical conditions you are suffering from. Other factors determining the treatment include the size of your prostate gland, your age, and overall health. A man of an advanced age group may require an immediate symptom-relieving treatment through drugs or surgery, whereas a younger man may demand a minimally invasive treatment.

According to the American Urological Association, surgery often does the best job of relieving the symptoms of an enlarged prostate, but it also has more risks than any other treatments. The risk and after-effects of surgery may include long-term incontinence or erection problems.

However, homeopathy is a field of medicine that can be used in salvation when you are not satisfied with the options conferred. Homeopathic medicines are used for the treatment of an enlarged prostate gland. These medicines are organic and wholly natural in their origin. They target at treating the underlying cause of the prostate enlargement, rather than focusing and just curing the symptoms solely.