A variety of progressive heart disease affects the muscles of the heart. Frequently, it weakens the muscle of the heart causing cardiac weakness. Cardiac weakness can be of a wide range, each caused by a variety of reasons ranging from coronary heart disease, heart failure, heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias), congenital heart defects, to certain drugs among others. Due to cardiac weakness, the muscles are unable to contract and relax properly as it should, therefore blood supply to the rest of the body is hindered resulting in different complications. The valve of the heart becomes too weak to pump efficiently. The weakness of cardiac muscles also referred to as cardiomyopathy.
4 Types of Cardiac weakness:
- Dilated cardiomyopathy: It is the most common type of cardiac weakness. The muscles stretch and are thinned out, resulting in dilatation of the chambers of the heart. The cause is often unknown. It may occur due to a reduced blood flow to the muscles of the heart causing ischemic heart disease or due to inheritance of disease from the parents. Heart attack, infections, toxins, and certain drugs can also cause dilatation in the left ventricle.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: It is believed to originate due to the genetic makeup of the person. In this type, the heart muscle is abnormally thick, and therefore the blood flow to the heart becomes difficult. Other causes include high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease or aging. It’s a fairly common type of cardiac weakness in diabetics or older people.
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy: It is the least known type of cardiac weakness. The heart muscle is unable to relax and pump blood and become stiff, rigid and less elastic, due to buildup of abnormal proteins (amyloidosis) or excessive iron in the body (hemochromatosis). It may be caused by some cancer treatments, scarring of the heart, after a heart transplant or as a result of coronary heart disease.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD): It is a very rare form of cardiomyopathy which is usually seen in young athletes. It is a genetic defect and may cause sudden death. The fat and extra fibrous tissue replace the muscle of the right ventricle. Symptoms may include an abnormal heart rhythm.
Other types belong to one of the former four categories, with each having unique causes or complications.
- Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare type of heart weakness that occurs after pregnancy or within five months of delivery. Also known as postpartum cardiomyopathy. It is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy. It is a grievous medical condition. There’s no known cause.
- Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is due to alcohol abuse fora long duration, The muscles of the heart become weak and enlarged. It is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Ischemic cardiomyopathy occurs due to coronary artery disease. The blood vessels become narrow and blocked. This withholds the oxygen supply to the muscles of hear causing ischemia. Whereas, nonischemic cardiomyopathy is not related to coronary artery disease.
- Noncompaction cardiomyopathy(spongiform cardiomyopathy) is a rare disease since at birth but the diagnosis can be made at any stage of life.
- Pediatric cardiomyopathy: Cardiac weakness affecting a child.
- Cardiac weakness can affect people of all ages. Major risk factors include the following:
- A family history of cardiac weakness, sudden cardiac arrest, or heart failure
- Coronary heart disease
- Metabolic diseases like diabetes, thyroid disease, obesity,
- A history of previous heart attack
- Long-term high blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Illicit drug use like cocaine
- Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer
- Poor diet
- Poor hygiene and nutritional deficiencies of essential vitamins or minerals, like thiamin (vitamin B1)
- Pregnancy complications
- Certain infections of heart, especially those that inflame muscles of the heart
- Age. Age increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened muscles of the heart.
- Male Intercourse. Men are generally at higher risk of diseases related to the heart. However, women at menopause are at a greater risk.
The symptoms of cardiac weakness:
The symptoms of cardiac weakness arise due to insufficient blood supply to the heart.
- Generalized weakness in the body
- Breathlessness, particularly during physical activity or exercise
- Vertigo and dizziness
- Pain in the chest
- Irregular pulse rate
- High blood pressure
- Edema, of feet, ankles, and legs
Cardiac weakness can be a life-threatening and progressive disease. If the damages are grievous and occurring early can, therefore, result in a shortened life expectancy. Treatments and current medical technologies can sustain your life expectancy. By improving the heart’s condition or by providing help to the heart to perform its job.
Some lifestyle changes can help in improving the weakness of the heart. These may include:
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Eating a healthy diet
- Abstain and limit caffeine intake
- Getting enough rest and sleep
- Managing stress
- Quitting smoking
- Avoiding alcohol intake
- Exercise is extremely important for maintaining a healthy weight and prolonging the functioning of the heart. However, it can be very tiring and difficult for someone with a damaged heart. It’s important to check with your doctor. The doctor will help to determine an appropriate exercise routine and engage in an exercise program that’s not too taxing but helps you moving every day.
Cardiac weakness can lead to other heart complications, including:
- Heart failure. Due to cardiac weakness, the muscles of the heart are
- incapable to contract and relax properly. The heart is thus not able to pump enough blood and supply to the rest of the body. This inability can cause heart failure. If left untreated, heart failure can result in a life-threatening state.
- Blood clots. The heart can’t pump properly, resulting in the formation of blood clots. These blood clots can enter into the bloodstream, and block the blood supply to other organs including the brain, heart, and lungs.
- Valve problems. Due to cardiac weakness, the valves of the heart can enlarge. The enlarged valve cannot close properly which leads to the backflow of blood. This condition can cause heart failure.
- Cardiac arrest and sudden death. Abnormal heart rhythm is one of the most known complications of cardiac weakness. Due to irregular rhythm, a person can feel dizzy have fainting spells or in some severe cases, sudden death can occur if the heart stops beating effectively. A blood clot arising due to cardiac weakness can block the blood flow through a blood vessel into the vital organs including the heart causing heart attack Also, ischemia due to a blood clot can damage or destroy a part of the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis is another cause of a heart attack.
Management and treatment options for cardiac weakness:
Treatment varies depending on the range of weakness of heart muscles and the severity of the resultant symptoms. Lifestyle adjustment along with medication is necessary. Sometimes treatment is not required until the symptoms start to appear. However, some people struggle with breathing problems or intense chest pain may require immediate medical supervision. Cardiomyopathy or cardiac weakness cannot be reversed, but can be controlled with the following options:
- Lifestyle modifications
- Medications, (to treat high blood pressure, prevent water retention, arrhythmia, prevent blood clots, and reduce inflammation)
- Surgically implants, like pacemakers and defibrillators
- And Heart transplant, which is considered a last resort.
The primary goal of treatment is to help your heart to work efficiently as possible and to prevent loss of function and any further damage.
Homeopathic treatment for Cardiac weakness:
CRATAEGUS PENTARKAN is one of the best homeopathic medicine for diseases involving the cardiovascular system. It is widely used for heart troubles and gastrointestinal disturbances( indigestion, diarrhea, and stomach pain). Due to cardiac weakness, the heart is unable to meet the demands of the whole body leading to inadequate oxygen supply to the tissues. This medicine helps to correct the error of heart muscle and strengthening the muscles of the heart. It improves circulation through the heart and takes care of a weak heart. It can be prescribed in cases of enlarged valves of heart with a physical symptom like increased heartbeat, sweating and generalized weakness allover. Stress-related palpitation can also quench with this homeopathic aid. It has a protective action against ischemia and reperfusion injury. The lower potency can be used to maintain the increased arterial blood pressure. It is found very effective in cases of angina, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, arrhythmia. The medicine has various pharmacological properties including the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cardiac remodeling effects. So far, found effective in the treatment of the heart and blood vessel disease such as congestive heart failure (CHF), chest pain, and irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure or high blood pressure, atherosclerosis i.e., hardening of the arteries, high cholesterol, and high lipid profile. Some people found it useful as a sedative to reduce anxiety and tension, to increase urine output. Crataegus Pentarkan has found good results in the treatment of chronic inflammation, respiratory and menstrual problems along with troubles of a weak heart. This homeopathic medicine is safe to use in heart troubles along with any other modern techniques for better and effective results. There are no known side effects of this medicine when prescribed under proper direction. Consult a homeopathic physician before taking this particular homeopathic medicine for cardiac weakness and other heat-related disorders.