Calcium is a mineral that plays an important role in building the body’s skeletal system. It is also essential for muscular contraction, healthy teeth, normal cellular function. We get calcium from our diet. When diet is lacking in calcium, the body starts taking it from the bones. This deficiency generally goes unnoticeable for some time until it becomes chronic.
Hypocalcemia: Hypocalcaemia is commonly known as calcium deficiency. It is important for the normal functioning of nerves, heart, muscle, and bones to stay strong. Hypocalcemia can either be the result of low calcium production or insufficient circulation of calcium in the body. Calcium deficiency is a chronic problem otherwise hard to detect.
Factors causing calcium deficiency:
Malnutrition and malabsorption i.e. lacking food that provides enough nutrition and inability to absorb the nutrients by the body are two different situations that lead to calcium deficiency in children. Many children suffer from poor calcium in their diet. Some children have dietary intolerance to foods that are rich in calcium. Certain medications are responsible for diminished calcium absorption. Genetics, hormonal changes (in case of women) and certain diseases (hungry bone syndrome which occurs after surgery for hypoparathyroidism) play an important role. Low levels of vitamin D in the body leads to difficulty in calcium absorption.
Recommended daily allowance for calcium for various age groups of children:
- 1300mg calcium is recommended in the daily diet for the children of age group 9-13 year
- 1000mg calcium is recommended in the daily diet for the children of age group 4-8 year
- 700mg calcium is recommended in the daily diet for the children of age group 1-3 year
- 260mg calcium is recommended in the daily diet for the children of age group 7-12 months
- 200mg calcium is recommended in the daily diet for the children of age group 0-6 months
Symptoms depend on the rapidity and degrees of calcium deficiency. Calcium deficiency leads to the following symptoms:
- Muscle aches, cramps, and spasms. Calcium is an important nutrient of the body and plays a very central role as a neurotransmitter and muscular contractor
- Extreme fatigue and lack of energy. There is an overall feeling of lethargy and confusion.
- Chronic calcium deficiency leads to brittles,
- fragile nails easy to break.
- Skin becomes dry, saggy and itchy. Skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema are related to calcium deficiency
- Hair fall: Weak, dry, lustreless hair. Hair starts falling in round patches causing alopecia.
- Dental problems in children. Delayed teething in infants. Cavities and toothaches
- Osteopenia and osteoporosis i.e. decreased bone density. With a decreased density of bones in younger age risk of fractures and breaks in bones increases.
- Painful PMS: Low calcium levels are related to painful premenstrual syndrome.
Many times, it’s hard to detect deficiency of calcium in the body, as the body covers this deficiency by taking calcium from bones. The symptoms start developing when calcium deficiency prolongs. The bones become weaker and brittle. The child starts hallucinating and suffers from confusion and memory loss. There are numbness and tingling sensations in bones. Calcium deficiency also causes muscular spasms, pain in bones, and carries in teeth.
Diagnosis is usually made accidentally on a regular blood test on checking calcium levels in blood serum. By checking levels of vitamin D the cause of calcium deficiency can be made.
Chvostek’s sign: It is a twitching response of upper lip on the ipsilateral side prompted by tapping the facial nerves below the zygomatic arch or anterior to the ear lobe.
Trousseau’s sign: It is elicited when the blood supply of hands is restricted by inflating a blood pressure cuff above systolic blood pressure for at least 3-5 minutes than a carpal spasm can be seen. This can be very painful. It is elicited in adults to diagnose hypocalcemia.
Oral therapy in the form of chewable calcium and vitamin D and magnesium supplements is the best treatment.
To aid and maintain the calcium levels Schwabe has provided the best homeopathic medicine Calciokind. It is the best homeopathic solution to treat calcium deficiency and muscular weakness. It influences the development of strong bones and strengthens immunity. The ingredients prevent calcium deficiency by helping in absorption and assimilation of free calcium in the body. It relieves stiff muscles, and pains in bones.
Composition of calciokind includes homeopathic medicines in lower potencies: Calcarea carbonica Hahnemanni, Calacrea flourica, Calcarean phosphorica, and Sulphur iodatum. These homeopathic medicines help in calcium captivation and upkeep. It is also suitable for children with poor dietary habits lacking in essential vitamins and minerals.
- Calcium deficiency causes complications like
- Chronic joints and muscle pains
- The easiest way to prevent calcium deficiency is to simply add calcium in your diet. Daily recommended amount of calcium is 1000mg-1300mg for adults.
- Do not skip milk and milk products.
- Eat green leafy vegetables.
- Add fish and eggs to the diet.
- Add nuts and seeds in your diet.