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5 Major Reasons for Weight Gain
By: Admin
Jun 7, 2019
 

5 Major Reasons for Weight Gain

Weight gain is a leading health problem worldwide. It means an increase in the weight of the body which is generally due to increase in the fat deposits, muscle mass or fluid retention such as water retention in human body. Body weight is measured as body mass index (BMI) which is based on the height and weight of an individual.

A BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight and BMI of 30 and above is considered obese. However, as per Indian authorities, BMI of 25 and above are considered as obese. Progressive weight gain is most likely attributed to aging and lifestyle changes whereas fast weight gain can be a sign of underlying health condition such as thyroid and kidney disorder.

Following are 5 major causes for weight gain:

  • Uncontrolled calorie intake- This involves binging on heavily processed junk food that comprises of refined ingredients that taste good but are high on calories too. Some people experience craving for certain foods like sugar-sweetened food and high-fat junk food as they are known to stimulate the reward centers in the brain. This craving eventually leads to unhealthy weight gain. Food with added sugar which is half glucose and half fructose contributes to weight gain.
  • Hormones- There are several hormonal issues that have been linked with increase in body weight such as:
    1. Underactive Thyroid Gland- Hormones secreted by thyroid gland are important to maintain normal metabolism of the body. In case of hypothyroidism this thyroid gland is underactive leading to various symptoms including weight gain. Other common symptoms of underactive thyroid are- fatigue, constipation, feeling cold, dry skin and hair, slow heart rate, pain and stiffness in joints, menstrual irregularity and fertility difficulties.
    2. Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)- It affects women in their childbearing age and has three main features i.e. cysts in ovaries, high levels of male hormones and irregular or skipped periods . The most common symptoms of PCOS are menstrual irregularities, abnormal hair growth on face, back, belly and chest, acne, weight gain and male pattern baldness.
    3. Insulin Resistance- Insulin among its various functions regulates energy storage. In insulin resistance elevated insulin levels all over the body cause energy to get stored in fat cells instead of being released in blood for use leading to obesity.

Other less common hormonal disorders leading to weight gain are

    1. Acromegaly- It results from excess amount of growth hormone in the body. Common symptoms of acromegaly are-enlarged bones in face, feet and hands, excessive hair growth, enlarged tongue or jaw, prominent brow, skin tags, deeper voice, aching joints, snoring and excessive sweating.
    2. Cushing Syndrome- It occurs due to high level of cortisol in the body. The most common cause of this is overuse of corticosteroid or glucocorticoids which are drugs used in the treatment of conditions such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Most common symptoms are weight gain, fatty deposits especially in the mid section like face and between the shoulders, purple stretch marks, thin skin that bruises easily, muscle weakness, menstrual irregularity in females and erectile dysfunction in males.
    3. Leptin Resistance- This appetite reducing hormone which is produced by the fat cells in the body does not work properly in many obese people.

 

  • Medications- Certain medication like insulin used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, anti psychotics and anti depressants as well as corticosteroids and glucocorticoids used in the treatment of asthma, rheumatoid arthritis are known to cause weight gain either by reducing metabolism or by increasing appetite.
  • Genetics- Genetic components affect the tendency to gain weight strongly. It is seen that children of obese parents are much likely to put on weight than the children of lean parents when put on same diet. Even studies conducted on identical twins support this fact. Despite this obesity is not entirely determined by genes and lifestyle has a major effect on which genes are expressed or which are not.
  • Stress – It is seen that stress has serious effect on weight of the stressed individual. It can lead to both weight loss and weight gain in the stressed individual. Stressful event like financial loss, loss of a loved one, failure in exam etc. lead to weight change. Various behavior changes such as consuming high fat and high sugar foods, overeating as it provides temporary relief from stress, being too busy to exercise, skipping meal, forgetting water, and sleeping less are commonly seen in stressed individuals that lead to weight gain. Chronic stress leads to weight gain as it reduces metabolism and increases craving for food rich in calories and fats.

Treatment of obesity begins with healthy lifestyle changes. Eating nutritious food and in right amounts is the first step in this direction. Regular and sufficient sleep at night is as important as optimum level of physical activity in the daytime.

Homeopathy can provide best treatment for weight loss. Homoeopath while handling a case of obesity interrogates the patent on both physical and mental spheres. This holistic approach helps to identify root cause of the problem. Specific medicine like Fucus vesiculosus is an often indicated medicine where thyroid disorder is the main cause of obesity. Further Calcarea carbonica and Calcarea iodata are often indicated medicines for thyroid disorders especially occurring around puberty.

Phytolacca decandra is one of the best homoeopathic medicines for treatment of obesity due to lifestyle errors. Several anti miasmatic medicines are prescribed based on family history of an individual to treat obesity if genes are seen as chief culprit. We have homeopathic medicines that target fat accumulated in specific areas of the body like Natrum muriaticum, Thyroidinum, Lycopodium acts best in individuals who have fat accumulated in buttocks and thighs area. Homeopathy also provides best treatment where mental causes lead to obesity e.g. Antimonium crudum is indicated for patients who are depressed and have tendency to over eat leading to obesity.

Thus healthy lifestyle changes and proper Homoeopathic medications provide best solution to treat obesity.

 
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