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Types & Facts of Kidney Stone
By: Admin
May 9, 2019
 

Types & Facts of Kidney Stone

Kidney stones or renal calculi or nephrolithiasis is a condition where there are hard deposits of minerals and salts in the renal tract. A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of the urinary tract from the kidneys to your bladder. The stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and cloud together.


The kidney stone is termed nephrolithiasis. Formation of stones at any location in the urinary tract is referred to as urolithiasis, and the term ureterolithiasis is used to refer to stones located in the ureters.


Symptoms

A kidney stone do not cause symptoms until it moves around within the kidney or passes into the ureter. The resulting symptoms are:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
  • Radiating pains from back to the lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent urge to urinate
  • Fever and chills
  • Less quantity of dark urine


Causes

Kidney stones often have no definite cause, but several factors may increase the risk. Kidney stones form when the urine contains increased concentration of crystal forming substances such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid and lack of water to dilute the urine in the body. Stones are more commonly found in individuals who drink very less water. The urine becomes more acidic and this lead to the formation of kidney stones.


Types of kidney stones

Calcium stones: Most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. Oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in food. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, have high oxalate content. Dietary factors, high doses of vitamin D, and several metabolic disorders can increase the concentration of calcium or oxalate in urine.


Struvite stones: Struvite stones are formed due to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, with few symptoms.

Uric acid stones: Uric acid stones usually form in people who does not drink enough fluids, who eat a high protein diet, and people with gout. Certain genetic factors also may increase your risk of uric acid stones.

Cystine stones: These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acid.


Factors that increase your risk of developing kidney stones include:

Family or personal history: People with family history of kidney stones are more likely to develop stones.

Dehydration: Not drinking enough water each day can increase the risk of kidney stones.

Certain diets: A diet high in protein, sodium and sugar increase the risk of some types of kidney stones. This is especially true with a high-sodium diet. Too much salt in the diet increases the amount of calcium in the kidneys.

Obesity: High body mass index, large waist size and weight gain have been linked to an increased risk of kidney stones.

Digestive diseases and surgery: Gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea affects the digestive functions thereby affecting the absorption of calcium and water. This increases the levels of stone-forming substances in the urine.

Certain medical conditions: Some disease conditions that may increase the risk of developing kidney stones such as renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, hyperparathyroidism, certain medications and some urinary tract infections.


Prevention

There are a few steps that can be taken to reduce the impact of kidney stones:

  • Drinking enough water to make sure the urine is clear. The colour of the urine indicates if a person is drinking enough water or not.
  • There are several foods that have a positive impact on kidney health which can help reduce both the risk and impact of kidney stones such as Kidney beans, basil, celery, apples, grapes, pomegranates


Homeopathic medicines for renal stones

Homeopathic remedies are very effective in preventing and treating renal stones. It has been widely used by many people to dissolve and remove renal stones without any surgical or laparoscopic procedures. When taken with proper diet and plenty of fluids, homeopathic remedies have proven to be the best choice of treatment for renal stones.

Berberis vulgaris: For kidney stones formed on the left side. Sensation of some urine remaining after urination and urine contains mucus with sediments. Bubbling sensation in kidneys.

Lycopodium clavatum: Lycopodium is used for right sided complaints. Pain in the right kidney or right ureter. The pain worsens before urination.

Cantharis vesicatoria: Intense burning sensation on passing urine. The burning sensation present before urine is passed and might continue after urination.

Sarsaparilla officinalis: Excessive burning sensation at the close of urination, sarsaparilla officinalis is the answer to this. Sarsaparilla officinalis is also prescribed for right-sided kidney stones.

Hydrangea arborescens: It is known as the stone breaker as it is very effective in dissolving the stones. It is used to strike kidney stones in ureter and in bladder. White deposits or yellow sand in urine.

Belladonna: It is used when the kidney stones are accompanied by sharp and shooting pains. Sudden cramps and strains along the ureter while passing of urine.

Benzoic acid: Intense colic with offensive urine. The urine is deep red in color and has a strong odor. The urine is thick and water like clear in an alternative way.

Berberis vulgaris: This is another effective homeopathic medicine for kidney stones. It is used when there is shooting pain radiating from a point. The patient may be unable to move or even sit on his painful side. The pain may run up to the kidneys or down to the bladder as well. The urine is dark and turbid in nature with copious sediment and urine flow becomes slow. There is an increased urge for urination.

 
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