Schwabe News Volume 4 | Issue 8 | August 2013
It is a case of urinary infection of dog. The author, who is a veterinarian, has already worked on urinary infections in dogs with homoeopathic medicines Uva ursi and Cantharis. This is a case of a male Labrador dog, aged 8 years, with haematuria, urgency and incontinence of urine for last 10 days, which was diagnosed as cystitis. The basis of diagnosis was clinico-urological examination, preponderance of E.coli, RBCs in the urine and ultrasonographic evidence of urinary wall thickness with mixed fluid in the urinary bladder. Homeopathic drug Cantharis 30CH was chosen on the basis of principal symptoms of urgency, incontinence and haematuria. Though gross haematuria ceased on day 7th post therapy, complete recovery with the absence of microscopic haematuria was seen after 21 days of therapy.
An upsurge of influenza throughout the globe in the past decade was significant. In recent years this has resurfaced showing failures of all the preventive and therapeutic measures against it. Hence, this study was undertaken by the Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH), India, to evaluate the effect of homoeopathic medicines in the treatment of Influenza like illness (primary objective) and to compare the complication rate among patients receiving homoeopathic medication as compared to the patients receiving placebo and also to compare the efficacy of LM potency vis-à-vis Centesimal potency (secondary objective). This was a multicenter, prospective, randomized, triple arm placebo controlled trial conducted at nine Institutes and Units of CCRH from June 2009 to December 2010. The patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were randomized to LM, Centesimal and Placebo groups. Homoeopathic interventions were given as per the principles of homoeopathy. Symptoms of Influenza like illness (ILI) were assessed as per validated scales. Data analysis was done using statistical package of SPSS 20.0 version. Each symptom was compared for 10 days among the allocated groups by using Kruskal-Wallis test and Bonferroni correction for the multiple comparisons. The result showed that out of 739 screened cases, 447 cases were eligible for enrolment comprising of LM (n=152), (n=147) and placebo (n=148) cases. There was a significant difference in temperature from 2nd day onwards in LM and Centesimal groups. The significant improvement was observed in headache and myalgia on 1st day in both the treatment groups. Likewise, significant improvement was noted in malaise on 2nd day in both the groups; sore throat on 1st day in LM and 2nd day in Centesimal; fatigue on 2nd day in LM and on 3rd day in Centesimal group; nasal complaints on 2nd day in LM and 1st day in Centesimal group; chill on 3rd day in LM group and 1st day in Centesimal group and in sweat on 1st day in the treatment groups. Cough improved significantly from 3rd day in both the groups. The authors have concluded that the study revealed the significant effect of individualized homoeopathic treatment in the patients suffering from ILI with no significant difference between LM and Centesimal groups. The complication/sequel rate was also significantly less in the intervention groups.
Pyrus malus L., Malus sylvestris Mill., Malus pumila Mill., are the scientific names for 'Apple'. It belongs to the family Rosaceae. Leaves and young aerial parts are used as medicine in homoeopathy. It is covered by Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of United States and Encyclopaedia of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia. In this study, the pharmacognostic and physico-chemical studies are carried out to facilitate the use of correct species and standard raw materials, the one meant in the pharmacopoeia(s). Pharmacognostic examinations of aerial parts (leaf, petiole and stem) of authentic sample of Pyrus malus L., have been carried out. Physico-chemical parameters of raw drug viz., extractive value, ash values, formulation besides weight per mL, total solids, alcohol content along with high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) and UV-visible studies have been worked out for mother tincture. The paper has narrated the descriptions and properties. The leaves are ovate to oblong, margin serrate, acute, glabrous above and tomentose beneath with a short petiole. The leaf is hypostomatic with anomocytic stomata. Uniseriate macroform flagellate conical and unicellular filiform cylindrical hairs occur on the leaf. In transverse section (TS) the midvein is conspicuously ridged on abaxial side. Epidermis is 1-layered with larger cells on abaxial. Cells over midvein are papillated. Palisade is 2-layered. The vascular bundle at midvein is single, large and arc shaped. The petiole in T.S. is shield like with an adaxial groove. The cortex is aerenchymatous towards adaxial. The vascular tissue consists of a single, large, arcuate bundle and two small adaxial bundles. The young stem is oval to spherical. The vascular tissue is in the form of a continuous cylinder. 1-3 seriate rays are present in the xylem. The xylem towards the centre possess secretory canals arranged in a ring. Conclusion: The powder microscopic features and organoleptic characters along with the anatomical and physico-chemical studies are diagnostic to establish the standards for the drug.
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