Schwabe News Volume 5 | Issue 10-12 | October - December 2014
It is an Indian medicine and very frequently used in Ayurveda. The plant is available throughout the hotter parts of India, and to some areas of Sikkim, Khasia hills and Assam. A homoeopathic tincture is made from the leaves of the plant. Its homoeopathic proving has been done in India by the “Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy” (CCRH). Some provings have also been reported by Dr. D. N. Ray.
In mother tincture, it is used for albuminurea, sleeplessness, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and debility. The root and the sap are uterine tonic and emmenagogue, with black pepper given in congestive and neuralgic dysmenorrhoea, and amenorrhoea, either given a week before or during menstruation. It is a valuable substitute for Hydrastis, Viburnum and Pulsatilla. There is a growing evidence for its hypoglycaemic effect both in vivo and in vitro. Following the proving, the drug was clinically verified in Q, 6C, 30C and 200C by CCRH. Symptoms given in the literature have been sufficiently verified on a good number of patients. During the verification trials, additional symptoms not attributed to the drug called new symptoms are relieved. Below is the combined materia medica from the above reported proving, clinical verification and other available literature.
Irritability of temper, ill-humour, depression, mind fretful and morose, easily excitable angry mood; dislike for active work, moody, weakness of the brain; contradiction unbearable; sleepless night, at times full of dreams of various things; forgetfulness; absent-minded.
Vertigo with empty feeling in head, with giddiness, worse lying down, standing, better rest.
Empty feeling of the head, at times heaviness and discomfort; rolling of the head and vertigo; much giddiness; constant uneasiness of head; pain on the back of the head, tight feeling on the side of the head; worse morning due to heaviness of head, better in open air, burning in vertex.
Weakness of vision, dull vision, puffiness of the lips, pain over both eyes, at times heaviness; inclination to close eyes; eyes get easily tired and watery; paleness of the conjunctiva; burning in eyes with vertigo, redness and swelling of eyelids, worse night, better daytime.
Shortness of hearing; earache with buzzing in ears, pain in the cars; sound in the ears; otorrhoea, thin, white pus discharge, thick, whitish, from right ear, thick, white, sticky.
Sneezing several times, yellowish white nasal discharge with sneezing, water discharge from nose; coryza with cough and low grade fever; dryness of nose, the nostrils feel very dry with desire to rub.
Dryness of the mouth, almost constant, with desire for drinking large quantities of cold water; excessive thirst, drinking does not relieve it, tongue clean and very dry; whole of the buccal cavity is dry; speech very feeble and indistinct, frequent desire to drink liquids; insatiable thirst; lips dry and pale, rather bluish.
Dryness of the throat; difficulty of swallowing solids with feeling of suffocation; burning sensation; painfulness; drinking of liquids relieves throat symptoms temporarily.
Unnatural appetite, insatiable hunger; can eat again a little after eating a good meal, desire for sweets; burning thirst; nothing seems to satisfy the hunger.
Hungry with faint feeling- desire for all kinds of food, sweets, acids, fish and meat, rice, bread; not satisfied with eating; not much dyspeptic symptoms, no cructation, no heat-burn, no acidity or fullness of the stomach, can eat at any hour; great relish for liquids, thirst for large quantity of water during fever, no dislike for solid food. Feeling of weakness when hungry; enjoys meal well. Frequent desire to eat; a feeling of emptiness of stomach, the food does seem to stay long in the stomach; nausea worse during menses.
Flatulence with heaviness of abdomen, distension of abdomen; pain in the abdomen during the peristalsis, free passage of flatus; colicky pain in abdomen, better passing stool; pain in umbilical region, pain in lower abdomen, worse walking.
Constipation, stool brown black, hard, dry, knotty and frothy. Stool passes with straining.
Profus urination both day and night; passage of urine, very large quantity every time; passes urine every two hours, of profuse quantity; desire to drink after urination, the mouth is dry and desire for drink; drink relieves thirst, drinks large quantity; the colour of urine is clear; a peculiar fishy odour with slight sediment turbid at times, passes from half pint to two pints or more of clear urine at a time, polyuria, urine of high specific gravity containing sugar; glycosuria, diabetes mellitus; feels weak and exhausted almost each time he passes urine; passes some ten to fifteen pounds or more urine in 24 hours, passes urine frequently and large quantity of passes of urine frequently and large quantity of passage of urine relieves the bladder, increased flow of urine; urgent desire to pass urine; nocturnal enuresis; gets up at night to urinate several times; the quantity of urine more at night; frequency of urination more in the afternoon but the quantity passed is less; burning sensation at the mouth of the urethra.
Free flow of urine, rawness of the orifice of the urethra, soreness of the prepuce caused by the passage of excessive sugar in the urine; smarting and violent itching of the part; absence of sexual desire, inability to coition, extreme exhaustion after coition; weakness of sexual organs, swelling of testes, hanging of the testes.
Catamenia irregular, premature, too short or too long lasting; colicky pain in the lower abdomen during a day or two previous to the appearance of the menses; blood is dark, clotted, profuse or scanty and pale; vertigo, nausea, vomiting and at times hysterical spasm; it is useful both in dysmenorrhoea and amenorrhoea painful menses due to tending of the uterus, worse before menses; leucorrhoea, profuse of whitish, thin or watery discharges in thin, sickly looking young girls.
Coryza thin, watery cough dry, with pain in chest, cough worse in the evening and night; cough with purulent expectoration and pain in the chest. Cold air excites cough; expectoration is free; coughing causes pain in the chest; side pain, has to hold his chest when coughing; bronchitis, broncho-pneumonia with with good deal of expectoration; the sputum is whitish, yellowish and lumpy. Hurried respiration, sinking feeling in the chest. Difficulty in breathing worse from exertion.
Pain in chest (Pain on inspiration and coughing) worse evening, coughing, continues after coughing. Palpitation, worse movement, lying down. Pain in left side of chest.
Weakness of the heart with anxiety; great uneasiness of the cardiac region, palpitation, feeling of great weakness in the chest; worse on movement; heart’s action regular, feeling faintish feeling.
Pain in the nape of neck worse morning. Dull aching pain in back. Worse after menses, movement, standing, better rest.
Pain in both extremities, worse movement. Pain in both lower extremities, worse night, walking and pressure. Pain in joints, worse motion, as well as sometimes rest. Pain in knee joint worse walking, better rest. Stitching pain in knee joints, worse motion, better rest. Pain in legs, worse movement, night. Cramping pain in calf muscles, worse straightening the leg, movement, better rest. Burning in palms and soles.
Drowsiness without being able to sleep; sleeplessness, sleep disturbed; sleep better in the early part of morning, un-refreshing sleep.
Dry heat over the whole body; slow fever with great thirst, worse at night; fever with headache and body ache with shivering, worse night.
Dryness of the skin, scratching of the skin; burning of the skin, disturbing night’s rest; many small boils, worse during summer months; carbuncle, carbuncular abscesses. Vesicular eruptions with tendency to suppuration. Ulceration on hands and feet. Abscess with itching. Small vesicular eruptions over whole body, suppurating and tender.
Great uneasiness; languidity; feeling of extreme exhaustion, inability to do any active work, disinclination to work; inability of temper; great loss of flesh; burning sensation all aver the body; frequent thirst for large quantities of water with dryness of the mouth; frequent profuse passage of urine, worse at night; sleeplessness or disturbed un-refreshing sleep. Menstruation painful and scanty or painful and profuse, pain on both side of the lower abdomen, hysteria in weak women with menstrual troubles; diabetes mellitus, weakness with loss of weight; pain in whole body worse by movement, better by lying down.
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