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Haemorrhoids or piles, are engorged and enlarged blood vessels in or around the lower portion of the rectum and at anus.
Based on the bleeding factor, it is also categorised as bleeding and non-bleeding haemorrhoids.
Haemorrhoids are consequential effect from the activities that increase venous pressure resulting in distension and engorgement. Such activities include straining at stool, constipation, prolonged sitting, pregnancy, heavy lifting jobs, obesity and low fiber diets.
External haemorrhoids are visible on perianal inspection. The internal haemorrhoids are not visible. Proctoscopy, sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are used to exclude other possible diseases of lower alimentary canal.
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