The infants who are breast-fed or fed with artificial milk often manifest abdominal spasmodic pains after food intake, especially during the first three months. In majority of the cases, they are gaseous abdominal colics which lead the child to crying and to contract his abdominal and leg muscles. In some cases, it is due to flatulence and painful distention, irritability, etc. It usually starts at around age 2 weeks. In majority of the infants it goes away on its own after 3 or 4 months.
Reasons for colic
Some of the reasons include indigestion usually due to cow's milk protein or lactose in some baby formulas.
A reflux induced heartburn due to stomach acid and milk flowing back into the windpipe could be another reason.
In a growing digestive system, muscles often spasm.
Sometimes simple gas formation may cause colic.
Some infants cry due to oversensitivity or over-stimulated by light, noise, etc.
Normally babies will stop crying or they cry less when they are held, fed and given attention. But babies who have colic they do not respond to these.
Usually they clench their fists and stiffen their stomach and legs when crying.
They arch their back and pull up their legs to their stomach.
Vomiting, diarrhoea, fever and blood or mucus in the stool are not the symptoms of colic.
A doctor needs to be consulted for these symptoms.
What to do in colic?
Observing the pattern of crying will help to manage the problem. Most of the babies cry during the afternoon and evening hours.
If the trouble is at a regular time, then the baby can be carried before that time, so that baby will not cry or cry less.
It is better to avoid the aggravating factors such as new visitors during that time.
Certain things like playing in an open area, park, etc. will help to reduce crying. Playing with a walker and other things will also help. Listening music, riding cars, etc. may also be useful.
Disclaimer: The information provided herein on request should not be taken as a replacement of medical advice or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.